Getting a man on the moon has been categorized as the most iconic space mission in history. So much so, that the first expedition to the moon remains the most skeptical space event in history.
In total, the world has achieved six successful missions, with Apollo in July 1969 being the first. The United States, Russia, European Space Agency, Japan, India, and China are the countries that have been at the forefront of space and moon exploration for various reasons.
Careful planning was done at each event from the technical angle to the human aspect. One of the biggest obstacles was the cost. For the first mission that made it to the moon, the United States government spent a cool $25.4 billion, which if converted to today’s rates is approximate $150 billion.
Preparation for the space exploration mission
The various machines and computers used for a successful moon landing had to be in superb condition and well manned by a huge number of experts. The Astronauts were taken through rigorous training that took years to fully prepare them for the first Apollo space mission. In the 1960’s, the technology used was not as advanced as today’s. As a result more human resources were implemented for tasks that can simply be done by computer programs today. For example, the Lunar Excursion Module (LEM), which was used by Neil Armstrong, took 4,000 people and one hundred companies to design it.
First Apollo space mission
The case of the Apollo is well documented on what it took to get the first man to the moon. The Astronauts were well trained and were prepared in every way to be able to counter any hiccups that they may encounter on this new frontier. NASA invested $2 million in a high- tech simulator that was able to create a space like an environment where Neil Armstrong and his crew trained. They would even be suspended on a 200 foot and 400-foot frame that looked exactly like the LEMS so they could get accustomed to how the conditions on the moon would be.
The US invested more than just capital
The space suits of the Apollo crew took NASA, a suit manufacturer and a bra company to make. To date, the suits are the only items from the 60’s technology that have stood the test of time, and can still be used today. The rocket that propelled man to the moon required an enormous amount of study and this also took a lot of the workforce. Such a massive rocket had never been built before so welders, technicians, fuel experts, scientists and engineers all played a part in the design of the Apollo.
There were also the people who made certain that food rations for the crew were available. They also had to make sure that the food would last for the entire mission.
The fabric that was used on the inside of the space shuttle had to be fireproof. Beta cloth was chosen for this purpose. Specialized sewing machines had to be developed to sew the cloth together. There were also special flashlights for the astronauts with a special casing to protect them from damage in the giant space vacuum they would be stepping into.
The moon is the closest body to the earth and there is a lot more to explore. NASA now has its sights set on Mars, with Elon Musk setting his vision even further. He intends to settle a human colony at Mars.