The world population is expected to reach 9.1 billion by the year 2050, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. By then, global food production will need to increase by 70 percent, and this is greatly more important for Africa.

By 2050, the continent is projected to have 2 billion people, which means improvements in farming must take place as soon as possible to fight against mass hunger within the content and around the world. The food issue in Africa is something that tends to happen on a regular basis with no end in sight.

The population is growing at a rapid pace, but farming productivity is kept quiet due to changes in the weather, and rural migration that is slowly removing young people from the equation. If we look at northern Nigeria today, herdsmen are moving elsewhere due to deforestation. In Somalia, the Shebelle River that supports many farms is drying up.

We also need to look at the fact that agriculture accounts for 30 percent of Africa’s economy, and over 60 percent of the workforce are working in the farming field. If it’s not working as it should, then Africa could fall into a major crisis in the near future.

Incorporating technology into farming is the future


Technology and agriculture working together isn’t a new idea, but Africa has been slow to see the benefits. However, change is coming, as several farmers are now looking into technological farming products to move forward in a big way.

It’s now easier for farmers to gain technology products for agriculture. This is mainly due to increases in affordability and availability. Companies now have the ability to provide products to small or medium-sized African farmers at a rate they can afford.

Manage crop growth in real time

Controlling plant growth isn’t easy, especially if the farmer wants to do this in real time. However, with images from drones and satellites now on the cards, along with soil sensors and weather forecasts, real-time crop management is now entirely possible.

There are also automated systems that can tell if crops are not growing normally, something that could come in handy for all African farmers.

There’s a precision farming startup from Nigeria that analyzes and measures soil. The company is called Zenvus, and it can help farmers add the correct fertilizer among other interesting things. The company can also reduce input waste and improve farmers productivity.

Everything here relies a lot on analytics, and we suspect machine learning will play a big part in the near future.

There are other companies similar to Zenvus in Africa that are all about helping farmers step up the ladder and improve their crops. But what about the aspect of financing?

FamDrive is one of the many companies on the African continent that is designed to provide financial aid for farmers of every level. FamDrive is a Kenyan enterprise with the primary purpose of connecting farmers to credit.

With all these technology-based companies making a rise in Africa, it’s clear the continent is positioning itself for success in the area of farming. This should also have a positive effect on other aspects of the continent as well.

[See more: This Japanese Smart Farm is Getting Even Smarter]